If you are talking about mating, say, a Winchester barrel with a Remington action, that basic idea anyway, I'd say no.
Each manufacturer has different length threaded sections for their actions, and the barrels chamber area is machined for their receivers, and bolt faces(different extractor cuts, shapes etc.).
So finding one from another manufacturer that would just mate up to a Remington receiver is doubtful.
Even were this to happen, you still have to get the chamber face machined to match the Remington bolt face, which would then require a finish chambering reamer to be used to complete the job of headspacing.
I hope I've understood your question correctly.